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Artists by Movement:
Realism

Mid-19th Century


Realism is an approach to art in which subjects are depicted in as straightforward a manner as possible, without idealizing them and without following rules of formal artistic theory.
 
The earliest Realist work began to appear in the 18th century, in a reaction to the excesses of Romanticism and Neoclassicism. This is evident in John Singleton Copley's paintings, and some of the works of Goya. But the great Realist era was the middle of the 19th century, as artists became disillusioned with the artifice of the Salons and the influence of the Academies.

Realism came closest to being an organized movement in France, inspiring artists such as Camille Corot, Jean-Francois Millet and the Barbizon School of landscape painters.
 
Besides Copley, American Realists included the painters Thomas Eakins, and Henry Ossawa Tanner, both of whom studied in France.

French Realism was a guiding influence on the philosophy of the Impressionists. The Ashcan School artists, the American Scene painters, and, much later, on the Contemporary Realists are all following the American Realist tradition.
        

 
 
Chronological Listing of Realists
 
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Peter von Cornelius 1783-1867 German Painter
 
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot 1796-1875 French Painter
 
Constantin Guys 1802-1892 French Illustrator
 
Paul Gavarni 1804-1866 French Engraver
 
Josef Danhauser 1805-1845 Austrian Painter
 
William Dyce 1806-1864 Scottish Painter
 
William Sidney Mount 1807-1868 American Painter
 
Honore Daumier 1808-1879 French Illustrator
 
Christen Kobke 1810-1848 Danish Painter
 
George Caleb Bingham 1811-1879 American Painter
 
Jean-Francois Millet 1814-1875 French Painter
 
Adolf von Menzel 1815-1905 German Painter
 
Francois Bonvin 1817-1887 French Painter
 
Gustave Courbet 1819-1877 French Painter
 
Rosa Bonheur 1822-1899 French Painter
 
Augustin Theodule Ribot 1823-1891 French Painter
 
Auguste Bonheur 1824-1884 French Painter
 
Gustave Brion 1824-1877 French Painter
 
Emmanuel Fremiet 1824-1910 French Sculptor
 
Jozef Israels 1824-1911 Dutch Painter
 
Giovanni Fattori 1825-1908 Italian Painter
 
Silvestro Lega 1826-1895 Italian Painter
 
Paul Seignac 1826-1904 French Painter
 
Jules Breton 1827-1906 French Painter
 
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux 1827-1875 French Sculptor/Painter
 
Jervis McEntee 1828-1891 American Painter
 
John Quincy Adams Ward 1830-1910 American Sculptor
 
John George Brown 1831-1913 British/American Painter
 
Edouard Manet 1832-1883 French Painter
 
Antoine Vollon 1833-1900 French Painter
 
Edgar Degas 1834-1917 French Painter/Sculptor
 
Henri Fantin-Latour 1836-1904 French Painter
 
Eduardo Rosales 1836-1873 Spanish Painter
 
Jules Dalou 1838-1902 French Sculptor
 
Kitty Kielland 1843-1914 Norwegian Painter
 
Thomas Eakins 1844-1916 American Painter
 
Leon Augustin L'hermitte 1844-1925 French Painter
 
Wilhelm Leibl 1844-1900 German Painter
 
Mihaly Munkacsy 1844-1900 Hungarian Painter
 
Ilya Repin 1844-1930 Ukrainian/Russian Painter
 
Jules Bastien-Lepage 1848-1884 French Painter
 
Frank Duveneck 1848-1919 American Painter
 
Francisco Pradilla Ortiz 1848-1921 Spanish Painter
 
Augustus Saint-Gaudens 1848-1907 Irish/American Sculptor
 
Frants Henningsen 1850-1908 Danish Painter
 
Thomas Anshutz 1851-1912 American Painter
 
Julien Dupre 1851-1910 French Painter
 
Viggo Johansen 1851-1935 Danish Painter
 
Carl Locher 1851-1915 Danish Painter
 
Wilhelm Trubner 1851-1917 German Painter
 
Sir George Clausen 1852-1944 English Painter
 
Pascal-Adolphe-Jean Dagnan-Bouveret 1852-1929 French Painter
 
Jean-Louis Forain 1852-1931 French Painter/Illustrator
 
Christian Krohg 1852-1925 Norwegian Painter
 
Carl Larsson 1853-1919 Swedish Painter
 
George Carline 1855-1920 English Painter
 
Gilbert Gaul 1855-1919 American Painter
 
Erik Werenskiold 1855-1936 Norwegian Painter
 
Stanhope Alexander Forbes 1857-1947 Irish Painter
 
Henry H. La Thangue 1859-1929 British Painter
 
Henry Ossawa Tanner 1859-1937 African-American Painter
 
Anders Zorn 1860-1920 Swedish Painter
 
Charles Cottet 1863-1925 French Painter
 
Emile Friant 1863-1932 French Painter
 
Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida 1863-1923 Spanish Painter
 
Harald Sohlberg 1869-1935 Norwegian Painter
 
Russell Drysdale 1912-1981 British/Australian Painter
 
Antonio Lopez Garcia Born 1936 Spanish Painter
 

 
 
 




 
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